Künstliche Intelligenz & algorithmisches Entscheidungen: Chancen und Risiken für Mensch und Technik
Künstliche Intelligenz, algorithmisches Entscheiden und maschinelles
Lernen bieten vielfältiges Potential für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft,
für die Wissenschaften, für Arbeitswelt, Gesundheit und Mobilität, für
die individuelle Lebensgestaltung und für die Gestaltung
gesellschaftlicher Teilbereiche. Ihre rasche Entwicklung wirft jedoch
auch besorgte bis kritische Fragen auf, etwa nach mangelnder
Nachvollziehbarkeit, nach der Fairness KI-basierter Entscheidungen und
nach Kontrollierbarkeit der Missbrauchsgefahren. Das Ziel des
Workshops ist, anhand verschiedener Impulsvorträge aus Philosophie,
Informatik und Technikfolgenabschätzung das Feld der Chancen und
Risiken zu explorieren, um Forschungsfragen herauszuarbeiten und
Gelegenheiten für interdisziplinäre Kooperationen zu erkunden.
Veranstalter: Klemens Böhm (IPD), Armin Grunwald (ITAS), Christian
Zeit: Dienstag, 28. Mai 2019, 11.00 16.45 Uhr
Ort: Campus Süd, Gebäude 30.95 (Hörsaal-Gebäude am Forum), Raum 121
Anmeldung: Die Anzahl der TeilnehmerInnen ist begrenzt. Darum ist
eine verbindliche Anmeldung (zusammen mit einer kurzen Beschreibung
des Interesses an diesem Workshop) bis zum 30. April 2019 bei Frau
Yvonne Siegrist (yvonne.siegrist∂kit.edu) nötig.
Programm und weitere Informationen:
A review of the 15th ISUS Conference in Karlsruhe, July 2018
Please follow this link to acces the whole review.
Workshop: The Ethics of State Mass Surveillance | April 11.–12., 2019
In the aftermath of 9/11, many governments have increased their surveillance efforts in an attempt to fight organized crime and terrorism. The current rise of state mass surveillance has been facilitated by the internet, advancements in data-processing, intelligent face recognition and various other new technologies. The unprecedented extent to which even liberal democracies monitor their citizens raises pressing moral questions, especially concerning the relative value of privacy and security. On the one hand, many scholars have stressed the importance of privacy both for the flourishing of individuals as well as for the functioning of a democratic society as a whole. And it is arguable that state mass surveillance constitutes a serious infringement of citizens’ privacy. On the other hand, extensive and sophisticated surveillance efforts hold the promise of greater security, the provision of which is among a state’s primary purposes. Indeed, it has even been suggested that increased surveillance is imperative to prevent catastrophes of a global scale (catastrophic risks), such as terrorist strikes with nuclear or biological weapons of mass destruction.
The workshop seeks to advance our understanding of the ethical significance of state mass surveillance, bringing together philosophers with experts from other fields such as law and computer science. Guest speakers include Erik Krempel (Karlsruhe), Kevin Macnish (Twente), Nóra Ní Loideain (London/Cambridge), Ingmar Persson (Gothenburg/Oxford), Scott Robbins (Delft), Patrick Smith (Singapore), Titus Stahl (Groningen), Frej Thomsen (Copenhagen), Carissa Veliz (Oxford).
The workshop is funded by the Thyssen Foundation.
Link to conference (and full program): https://philevents.org/event/show/67830
Date and venue: April 11-12, 2019, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, Theodor-Rehbock-Hörsaal HS59 (Theodor Rehbock Lecture Hall HS59), Building 10.81, Otto-Ammann-Platz 1
Registration: To register for this event (free of charge), please send an email to peter.koenigs∂kit.edu until March 31st.
Organizing team: Christian Seidel (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology), Peter Königs (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
Podcast: Socio-technical Integration Research (STIR) – Interview with Erik Fisher from Arizona State University
The interview is available on the new subpage "podcasts".
Erik Fisher is an associate professor at the School for the Future of Innovation in Society at Arizona State University and spends the fall semester 2018 in Karlsruhe working with colleagues at ITAS and ITZ. He is a leader in the field of socio-technical integration, a field that he has founded and brought to international academic recognition, followed by considerable research and policy uptake. At KIT, Fisher was leading a series of introductory workshops on the Socio-Technical Integration Research (STIR) approach and participated in various workshops, among others in a workshop on Socio-Technical Integration organized by Alexandra Hausstein (program).
At Arizona State University Fisher directs the STIR Cities project, which studies and compares diverse organizations in Phoenix, Arizona and Portland, Oregon working on smart grid technologies. Supported by a National Science Foundation grant, the project develops the notion of local and regional sociotechnical imaginaries and brings social science engagement out of the laboratory and into the (smart) city. Fisher is editor-in-chief of the Journal of Responsible Innovation. Formerly, he served as director of the STIR project and of a PhD program in Human and Social Dimensions of Science and Technology, as well as associate director of the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at ASU.
In this interview with Joshua Bayless, Erik Fisher describes STIR as a methodto investigate the possibility and utility of incorporating social and ethical considerations directly into scientific research and technology development.
Workshop: Technology’s Temporal Regimes: Past, Present and Futures
International Workshop, Institute of Technology Futures (ITZ), KIT, Nov. 29-30, 2018
Organizers: Armin Grunwald, Annette Leßmöllmann, Marcus Popplow, and Heike Weber
Our workshop brings together researchers from history, sociology, communication sciences, and philosophy to tackle the question of temporal regimes inscribed into or attributed to technology through materiality, discourse, or practices. The term “temporal regimes” of technologies puts the time dimension center stage in our thinking about technology. We argue that past, present, and future technologies cannot be treated as distinct entities. Rather, societies have been, are, and will be confronted with a complex set of technologies which pertain to different and diverse temporal regimes and in which past, present and future are superimposed in hybrid ways. We see this workshop as an initial step towards developing new questions and theoretical frameworks on the temporal dimensions of our technological world and the way we interact with them.
Link to the Programme
Workshop mit Kirsten Meyer (HU Berlin)
In Ihrem neuen Buch „Was schulden wir künftigen Generationen? Herausforderung Zukunftsethik“ (Reclam 2018) diskutiert Kirsten Meyer die Frage, wozu wir zukünftigen Personen gegenüber verpflichtet sind und worin unsere Pflichten gründen. In einem Workshop am 5.12.2018 wird dieses Buch ausgehend von Kommentaren gemeinsam mit der Autorin diskutiert.
Alle sind herzlich eingeladen! Die Veranstaltung findet statt von 14:00 bis 16:30 in der Douglasstr. 24, 5. OG, Raum 511. Um vorherige Anmeldung bis zum 30.11.2018 wird gebeten (per E-Mail an Yvonne Siegrist, yvonne.siegrist∂kit.edu).
Workshop Tongji University and KIT “Industrie 4.0/Made in China 2025 as socio-technical transformation”
The aim of this workshop is to arrive at a true cooperative level of joint research regarding the status of Industrie 4.0 in Germany and Made in China 2025 in China as vision in different national, institutional and disciplinary settings. The focus lies, both, on the models and visions as well as on the national strategies for putting this vision in practice and its actual and expected societal impacts. The challenges, we are facing are not only to bridge national cultures and strategies but also to integrate disciplinary knowledge from Engineering Sciences and Social Sciences and Humanities. Public debate around digitalization of production systems show that on the long run we have to face questions of future of work in highly industrialized societies at a global scale. Therefore, we conceptualize this workshop to be interdisciplinary and comparative, allowing for debate and common reflection.
Link to the schedule of the workshop
Christian Seidel has been appointed as Professor for Philosophical Anthropology
Christian Seidel has been appointed as Professor for Philosophical
Anthropology at KIT's Institute of Philosophy/Institute of Technology
Futures. His research interests include:
- personal autonomy, self-determination, and practical identity
- philosophical questions about climate, environment, sustainability and energy
- foundational problems of moral philosophy and practical deliberation
- systematic ethics of risk and ethics of future people
- British moral and social philosophy in the 19th century
One of the key aims of the professorship is to investigate concepts
which are essential to human self-understanding and which figure
prominently in questions about the relation between humanity, nature
and technology – concepts such as „autonomy“, „risk“,
„responsibility“, „privacy“, or „hubris“. By attending to applied
contexts (e.g. social robotics, big data, energy systems, automation,
or geoengineering), the professorship will contribute to reflecting on
– often technology-driven – transformations in how we understand
ourselves and our world.
15th Conference of the International Society for Utilitarian Studies, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), July 24–26, 2018.
The main theme of the conference is ‘Utility, Progress and Technology’. The conference will be supported by KIT’s Institute of Technology Futures as well as the recently founded German Society for Utilitarian Studies. Local hosts are Michael Schefczyk and Christoph Schmidt-Petri.
For more information see www.isus2018.de.
3. INSIST-Nachwuchstagung: Von Menschen und Maschinen. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf das Verhältns von Gesellschaft und Technik in Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft | 05.10.2018–07.10.2018.
Die menschliche Lebenswelt ist in weiten Teilen durch die Verfügbarkeit von und den Umgang mit Maschinen geprägt. Fragen danach, wie sich das Verhältnis zwischen Menschen und Maschinen gestaltet hat, gestaltet und zukünftig gestalten wird, geben daher vielfältigen Anlass zur Diskussion – und zwar nicht nur im Hinblick auf die Konsequenzen technischer Entwicklungen für das gesellschaftliche Zusammenleben, sondern auch im Hinblick auf das ontologische Verständnis des “Menschlichen” und des “Technischen” sowie auf die Etablierung theoretisch-methodischer Zugänge und Beschreibungssprachen.
Gerahmt durch zwei Keynotes von Prof. Dr. Gabriele Gramelsberger (RWTH Aachen) und Prof. Dr. Martina Heßler (HSU Hamburg), soll die interdisziplinäre Nachwuchstagung “Von Menschen und Maschinen” verschiedene Möglichkeiten eröffnen, an aktuelle Forschungen und Debatten um das Verhältnis von Menschen und Maschinen anzuknüpfen.
International Workshop: Waste Recycling, War and Occupation: A Transnational Perspective on World War II | 14.06.2018-15.06.2018
Times of war drive enhanced resource exploitation. Salvage is thus one essential and yet underexplored characteristic of industry, business, and society in warring nations. It challenges historiography in several ways. For one, waste and recycling often represent grey areas of economic activity, including the black market or informal work such as volunteer or forced labor. For another, waste handling pervades industrial production as well as everyday life, and under conditions of war and shortage, it became both a political means to mobilize the ‘home front’ and a way for individuals to survive constant shortages.
The international workshop “Waste Recycling, War and Occupation: A Transnational Perspective on World War II,” organized by Heike Weber (KIT) and Chad Denton (Yonsei University) thus aims to bring together the different historical sub-fields that have carried out research on wartime recycling so far, in particular, business history, the history of war and society, the history of technology, and environmental history. The workshop will analyze the scope and impact that recycling had during World War II, both for several regions and for different industrial branches. Additionally, it will ask what impact wartime recycling had on later patterns of resource use.
W1-Junior Professorship in History of Technology and Environmental History
The Institute of Technology Futures (ITZ) of the KIT-Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences within Division II - Informatics, Economics, and Society of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology invites, as soon as possible, applications for a fixed-term (4 years + 2 years after positive evaluation)
in History of Technology and Environmental History
(without Tenure Track Option)
We seek a historian with a well-grounded knowledge of the concepts and methods of the history of technology as well as expertise in environmental history, particularly within the fields of the history of materials, resources or energy …
Link to the description
Full Professorship (W3) in Sociology II
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) – The Research University in the Helmholtz Association creates and imparts knowledge for the society and the environment. It is our goal to make significant contributions to mastering the global challenges of mankind in the fields of energy, mobility, and information. For this, about 9300 employees of KIT cooperate in a broad range of disciplines in research, academic education, and innovation.
The Institute of Technology Futures (ITZ) at the KIT-Department for Humanities and Social Sciences within Division II - Informatics, Economics, and Society – invites applications for a
Full Professorship (W3) in Sociology II
The professorship will be the scientific head of the Methodology Lab at KIT’s House of Competence (HoC).
Link to the announcement (pdf)
OpMAP installation at ZKM
The new exhibition “Open Codes – Living in Digital Worlds” at the ZKM/Center for Art and Media in Karlsruhe was opened on October 19th 2017.
The installation „OpinionMap – What should one eat?“ was created by the Institute of Theoretical Informatics and the Institute of Technology Futures/Institute of Philosophy.
Algorithmic methods to analyze and illustrate complex debates are researched and implemented in the OpMAP-Project. The interactive installation shows a “map” of eating habits, one country for each opinion, and gives visitors the possibility to define their own location on the map by answering questions. Depending on the answers, the size of the countries can change.
For more information see the ZKM website or the OpMAP website.
The Institute of Technology Futures combines disciplines and critically analyzes concepts
“The newly established KIT Institute of Technology Futures (ITZ) is divided into the central of ce of Managing Director Dr. Alexandra Hausstein, the Institute of Philosophy, and the Institute of History. The ITZ is to study in an interdisciplinary manner the relationships of technology, society, and culture as well as technology futures. Each discipline will use its own approach.”
Link to the article
New professor for Techno-Cultural Studies: Prof. Dr. Heike Weber
In June 2017, Heike Weber was appointed professor of „Techno-Cultural Studies“ at the Institute of Technology Futures at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). Her research focuses on technology in everyday life and the role of users in the process of technological change, the interrelatedness and entanglement of technological innovations and established (infra)structures and value systems, as well as, the topics of garbage, waste and recycling.
„Techno-Cultural Studies“ combine approaches from STS, History of Technology, Environmental History and Cultural Studies in order to analyse interactions and interdependencies between technology, society, culture and environment.
Previously, Heike Weber was professor of Technology, Environmental and Gender History at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Science and Technology Studies (IZWT) at Wuppertal University, other positions include, among others, the Hermann von Helmholtz Centre for Cultural Techniques (HZK) at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (HU), the Munich Centre for History of Science and Technology (c/o Deutsches Museum), the Smithsonian (NMAH, Washington D. C.) and the EHESS (CRH, Paris).
ITAS Workshop on Philosophy of Models in Engineering Design, 27.06.17 – 28.06.17
- Prof. Dr. Dr. Rafaela Hillerbrand, ITAS & Institute for Philosophy, KIT
- Prof. Dr. Claudia Eckert , The Open University, visiting professor at KIT in summer 2017
The workshop is financed by the ITZ , the Institute of technological Futures at KIT.
Motivation: Engineers interact with their products and processes largely through models. Consequently model-based reasoning takes center stage in shaping our technological future. However engineers only rarely reflect about the nature of these models and how technical possibilities and actions are affected by the models’ properties and characteristics. Thereby models in engineering describe not only the product, i.e. the designed artefact, but also the generating process (via so-called process models). At the same time the models also shape and create both the artefact as well as the process. This clearly distinguishes them from scientific models that primarily aim to describe a certain target system.
The importance of modelling has been steadily increasing over the past decades with improving computer technology. However a further step change is expected in the coming decade with the increasing prominence of industry 4.0, which brings together engineering from different engineering disciplines. Big data will also play an increasing role through the introduction of sensors monitoring and directing the use of the product and connecting products together. One of the engineering approaches to this is model-based system engineering where the aim is to model and simulate product properties and behavior from the onset. However underlying questions about the nature and influence of models have rarely been asked.
Over the last decades or so, there has been a growing body of literature on models in the sciences. Much less research has been done on models on engineering design. The workshop is supposed to fill in this gap.
Focus: With this workshop we aim to bring together design scholars, engineers and philosophers who have worked on model-based reasoning. The guiding question is as to what knowledge can be derived from models in engineering? And building on that: What actions do models afford? These questions are of relevance beyond the model debates as they may shed some light on the classical question as to what distinguishes scientific from engineering practice.
Consequently relevant subquestions include, but are not limited to the following issues
- How, if so, do results derived from models differ from more descriptive knowledge by means of normativity, functionality, and other?
- What are the relations between these aspects?
- What is the relation of process models to product models and thus to the designed artefact?
- How do process models structure the knowledge-generation in engineering design?
- What is the role of tacit knowledge in using a model and utilizing models-based result?
- What role can or should ethical or social values play in engineering modelling?
- What problems arise from a wrong/incomplete understanding of the role of model?
- Given that the epistemic status of model is interpreted differently by individuals and communities, what are the substantive barrier that arise for model based system engineering?
The research question we addressed with this workshop is formulated within philosophy of engineering, but it can only be answered in an inter- and transdisciplinary fashion because it requires expertise in both, philosophy and the engineering sciences. The workshop thus invites design researchers, engineers (particularly system engineers) both from industry and academia to discuss epistemic questions together with philosophers of engineering.
Model-based reasoning takes center stage in shaping our technological future. Particularly in the fast developing field of system engineering and in what has been coined industry 4.0 models play a central role. We thus think that an enhanced understanding of what type of engineering knowledge can be created by models and how (and whether) models afford certain technological actions is thus one central question when reasoning about technological futures as done at ITZ. Thereby the focus of the workshop is on epistemic issues, but also ethical ones (via non-epistemic values in modelling) will be touched and thus the question as to what kind of technological future we want to create.
The presented research will be published an edited volume with Springer.
For more information about program, speakers and abstracts of the workshop please visit the ITAS-Website.
The Institute of Technology Futures as an Umbrella Institute
On 01.04.2017, the Institute of Technology Futures has been founded as an interdisciplinary institute with focus on technology futures. It unites the sub-institute of philosophy, the sub-institute of history and, in the future, the sub-institute of sociology. These institutes are active as independent institutes in research and teaching in their respective disciplines beyond their mutual work at the Institute of Technology Futures.
The goal of the work done at the Institute of Technology Futures is to create a well-founded understanding of the mechanisms and requirements of our modern society in connection with modern technology and technology futures.
The main research foci of the sub-institutes lie in the following areas:
Professorships and fields of work:
- Natural philosophy and Philosophical Anthropology (Prof. Mathias Gutmann)
- Political philosophy and Argumentation Theory (Prof. Gregor Betz and Prof. Michael Schefczyk)
- Philosophy of Technology and Philosophy of Science (Prof. Armin Grunwald and Prof. Rafaela Hillerbrand)
Research foci at the Institute of Technology Futures:
- Theory and Hermeneutics of Science and Technology
- Argumentative Analysis of Descriptive and Normative Discourses
Professorships and fields of work:
- History of the technical-scientific civilisation (Prof. Marcus Popplow)
- Techno-Cultural Studies (Prof. Heike Weber)
Research foci at the Institute of Technology Futures:
- Longterm trajectories of historic discourses of technology
- Analysis of non-reflective dimensions, cultural-historical aspects as well as divergent chronologies of development, employment and use of new technologies.
- Reconstruction of historic options on the use of technology
- Adaptions of concepts of the “applied history” on the reflexivity of technology futures.
Research Foci at the Institute of Technology Futures:
Dr. Alexandra Hausstein, branch:
- Sociology of science studies of the integration of the disciplines and institutional implementation of “responsible innovation”
- Mapping of controversies and debates and illumination of interests, normative concepts and the realm of expectations of discourses on technology futures
- Discourses on innovation
Workshop – Judgement Aggregation meets Argumentation
Interdisciplinary workshop „Judgement Aggregation meets Argumentation“,
February 2nd, 2017 at KIT
Sometimes, disagreements can not be solved by plausible arguments. Despite this, how is it possible to come to a joint decision anyway? Which role can arguments play in this process? These questions will be discussed by economists, computer scientists and philosophers in an interdisciplinary workshop organized by Professor Gregor Betz at the Institute of Technology Futures.
See Workshop Agenda